The city of Nazca is located 441 km to the south of Lima, on a fertile valley surrounded by mountains that still keep the secrets of its ancestors who were great ceramist teachers and authors of the enormous and impressive network of lines and drawings that extend on its Pampas.
Founded on 1591, Nazca was well-known to produce a brandy of grape – similar to the Peruvian pisco -, which they called Nazca, for slave consumption and origin of its name.
The capital is a calm and peaceful city that has the incessant arrival of millions of tourists attracted by the mystery of its fascinating geoglyphs. The lines of Nazca are more than a pride for the inhabitants of this area; they are also the sustenance of a touristic industry that has been growing continuously for several decades.
At an altitude of 620 meters, the city enjoys an excellent desert climate, sunny throughout the year, with little rain. From December to March, the temperature increases markedly during the day, averaging 30 ° C, cooling slightly overnight. In July and August, the temperature drops at night until a minimum of 8°C.
In the slope of a not very high mountain, at 2 km to the east of Nazca, an old Inca establishment is located. This archaeological place displays a large square, deposits, barracks, ceremonial areas, niches, trapezoidal windows and other constructions that define it as an Inca administrative center.
The aqueducts of Cantayoc are located at 4 km from Nazca, a complex underground system that allows taking advantage of the water from the subsoil. Still in operation today, it shows the technological development reached by this culture and their use of land.
Lines of Nazca
The famous lines are located on an extension of more than 50 km of pampas and some hills, which splendor can only be appreciated from air. Composed by more than 70 gigantic figures that represent animals and plants, and more than 10,000 outlines carved on the ground to about 20 cm deep, they are considered of the greatest mysteries of the world, also declared a Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity by the UNESCO. Although there is no theory that scientifically explains its meaning, it is thought that it was a gigantic calendar, closely related to the worship of the element water.